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Back Disc Injuries
The spine consists of a column of bones known as vertebrae. The vertebrae are separated by fluid filled sacs known as intervertebral discs. These discs allow for limited motion in the spine and also allow for flexibility required for functions such as bending and twisting. The jelly-like fluid within the intervertebral discs allows these discs to act as shock absorbers within the spine whereby they are able to absorb load and distribute the external load.
Intervertebral discs are prone to injuries that may result in serious back problems. It is not uncommon to hear of herniated discs or slipped discs. There are a number of injuries and problems that commonly occur in intervertebral discs.
Herniated discs occur when a rupture occurs in the wall of the intervertebral discs. This rupture results in loss of the fluid within the disc. The disc flattens and bulges out in the direction of the tear. The bulging (herniated) disc may place pressure on the spinal cord or nerves resulting in a more serious condition.
Disc tears occur when a crack or small tear appears on the surface of the wall of the intervertebral disc. This may lead to leaking of the jelly-like fluid that is within the disc. This may result in a herniated disc or compression of the nerves. This is one of the most common injuries or problems related to the intervertebral discs.
Disc desiccation is a common disc injury that results
in conditions such as degenerative disc disorder.
It occurs when the disc loses its fluid and degenerates. This results in the disc becoming worn out and the space in-between the vertebrae narrowing. Pressure is then exerted on the nerves as they leave the spinal column resulting in pain and impairment of nerve functions as a result of mechanical damage to the nerves.
Back Disc Injuries
Intervertebral discs are prone to injuries that may result in serious back problems.
Article published February 25th, 2011
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